Luchita Hurtado, The Umbilical Cord of the Earth is the Moon, 1977, Oil on canvas, Unique, 101.6 x 58.4 cm, © Luchita Hurtado, Courtesy the artist and Hauser & Wirth, Photo: Jeff McLane
“I have a responsibility to the world, to my planet.”
The Serpentine presents the first UK solo exhibition of works by Luchita Hurtado (b.1920, Maiqueti?a, Venezuela). The exhibition will trace the trajectory of Hurtado’s expansive, 80-year career and reveal the scale, experimentation and playfulness of her impressive oeuvre. At the age of 98, she is now receiving the recognition she has long deserved and was recently featured in Time Magazine’s list of the 100 most influential people of 2019.
Hurtado’s work is characterized by an original view of the world that is both grounded and transcendental, and her subject matter makes use of unexpected perspectives – looking straight down or across her own body, or straight up to a glimpse of sky – using cosmic motifs and geometric abstractions. Hers is a vision of the human body as a part of the world, not separate from nature. By coupling intimate gestures of the body with expansive views of the sky and the earth, Hurtado maps a visceral connective tissue between us all.
Hurtado was associated through friendship and family to specific artistic movements like Surrealism, the Dynaton Group and Magical Realism, but she maintained her unique practice in private, rarely exhibiting her work. Besides her painting, Hurtado is also a poet, an ecologist, a feminist and an activist. She also made contributions to photography and to fashion, designing her own clothes for many decades.
Hurtado moved from Venezuela to the United States in 1928, first freelancing as a fashion illustrator for Conde? Nast in New York, before relocating to Mexico City, where she joined a group of renowned artists and writers who had emigrated from Europe in the wake of the Spanish Civil War and the Second World War and who were working under the banners of Surrealism and Magical Realism. By the late 1940s, Hurtado had moved to Mill Valley, California, where she was closely associated with the Dynaton Group. In 1951 she moved to Los Angeles, where she resides to this day. Her artwork has only been exhibited sporadically over her lifetime, and the majority was only discovered in recent years by her Studio Director, Ryan Good.
Comprised of graphite and ink drawings, crayon and ink paintings on board and paper, and oil paintings on paper and canvas, Hurtado has taken herself and her immediate surroundings as her subject, as well as more expansive themes of nature and language. The totemic emblem of a dancing figure has appeared regularly in her work, including a series of paintings created in the last twelve months and which are presented for the first time at the Serpentine.
Luchita Hurtado, Untitled, 1949, Crayon and ink on paper, Unique, 73 x 35 cm, © Luchita Hurtado, Private Collection, Photo: Genevieve Hanson
For Hurtado, the interconnectivity between human beings and the cosmos was heightened by seeing the first photographs of Earth from space in 1946, and her work since has continued to propose all life forms as part of a single, living entity. It is this subject matter, which Hurtado has returned to again in her newest paintings, that gives Hurtado’s work such contemporary resonance.
Luchita Hurtado: I LIVE I DIE I WILL BE REBORN 23rd May – 20th October 2019 Serpentine Sackler Gallery serpentinegalleries.org
About The Artist
Luchita Hurtado has had limited exposure as an artist until recent years. She completed a residency at Tamarind Lithography Workshop, New Mexico, in 1970, and her only other solo exhibitions took place at Grandview One Gallery, The Women’s Building, Los Angeles (1974), Selected Works, 1942-1952, Park View, Los Angeles (2016), Figures and Icons, Annenberg Community Beach House, Santa Monica, California (2017), and Luchita Hurtado: Dark Years, Hauser & Wirth, New York (2018).
Group exhibitions include: Tally Richards Gallery, Taos, New Mexico (1970); Visible/Invisible, Long Beach Museum of Art, California (curated by Judy Chicago and Dextra Frankel) (1972); Women in Art, John B. Davis Art Gallery at Idaho State University (1973); a two-person exhibition with Nancy Romero, West by Southwest, Transamerica Galleries, Los Angeles (1990); The Mystical in Art: Chicano/Latino Painting, Carnegie Art Museum, Oxnard, California (curated by Frank Romero, 1994); Santa Monica Originals, Santa Monica Airport (curated by Bruria Finkel, 2004); Women Artists of Southern California Then and Now, Track 16, Los Angeles (curated by Bruria Finkel, 2007); Summer Nocturne: Works in paper from the 1970s, Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara (2018); Painting: Now and Forever, Part III, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York (2018); The Gallery @ Michael’s, Santa Monica, California (2018); Gallery Share, Hannah Hoffman Gallery, Los Angeles (2018); and Made in L.A. 2018, Hammer Museum, Los Angeles (curated by Anne Ellegood and Erin Christovale).